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During the First World War, Walter Mittelholzer (1894-1937) saw the potential to change the everyday experience through aviation.
Mittelholzer was born and raised in Switzerland. During the First World War the Swiss remained neutral. Mittelholzer observed the use of aircraft in warfare. He quickly understood how aviation would allow people to travel freely and easily across the globe. He learned fly in 1917. He finished his training as a military pilot in 1918. Once qualified, he formed a photographic and aviation business with Alfred Comte (1895-1965). Comte was a fellow enthusiast and aviation pioneer. The pair offered passenger flights to various destinations. During their flights, Mittelholzer took aerial photographs of the countries they traversed. These were among the very first aerial pictures ever taken.
In 1920, Comte and Mittelholzer merged their company with Zürich-based airline Ad Astra Aero. This new venture eventually became Swiss Air.
During the 1920s, Mittelholzer achieved many aviation firsts. He was the first pilot to fly over Kilimanjaro; the first to fly over Mount Etna; the first to fly north-to-south over the continent of Africa in 77 days; the first to document his flights with aerial photography and film. Long before Google Maps, Mittelholzer planned to document as much of the world from the air as possible. Alas, this never happened. Mittelholzer died in an accident while climbing in Austria.
During his lifetime Mittelholzer produced over 18,500 photographs. These are now kept kept at ETH Library’s image archive in Zürich, Switzerland. His photographs remapped our visual understanding of the world. Allowing people to see for the very first time the terrain on which they lived.
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