The British New Wave Films and the Books That Inspired Them
A slight relaxation of censorship by the late fifties together with the invention of lightweight portable cameras and faster film stock made it easier for directors such as Tony Richardson, Karel Reisz and Lindsay Anderson to make films on location away from London and the usual film studios.
THE British New Wave lasted only a few years – say from about 1959 to 1963 and it consisted of little more than seven or eight films. Most of the them were adapted from books or plays written by young contemporary writers such as John Braine, Alan Sillitoe and Shelagh Delaney. A slight relaxation of censorship by the late fifties together with the invention of lightweight portable cameras and faster film stock made it easier for directors such as Tony Richardson, Karel Reisz and Lindsay Anderson to make films on location away from London and the usual film studios. Just as their French contemporaries had done British audiences found this all pretty revolutionary stuff and a cinematic breath of fresh air.
Room at the Top, released in 1959, although set in 1947, was given an ‘X’ certificate the main reason being because it featured a woman on screen admitting that she had enjoyed sex. Initially the distributors refused to touch it but the ABC chain took a chance and the film went on to become a critical and commercial hit, paving the way for the rest of the ‘kitchen sink’ British New Wave that soon followed.
Published in 1957, the cover was designed by John Minton
Room at the Top, Penguin edition
Although he published twelve works of fiction during his life it’s fair to say that John Braine is little remembered today for anything but his first novel Room at the Top published in 1957. He was born in a small terraced house near the Westgate area of central Bradford in 1922. The family later moved to the suburb of Thackley when his father got a job at Esholt’s Sewage works. The Yorkshire Post described Thackley of the time as “a grim satellite of industrial Shipley, just the sort of place his main Room at the Top character Joe Lampton came from, “where the snow seemed to turn black almost before it hit the ground”‘
Braine left St. Bede’s Grammar School at sixteen and worked in a shop, a laboratory and a factory before becoming, after the war, a librarian in Bingley, a small town five miles up the Aire Valley. Braine came up with the idea for his first novel while being treated for tuberculosis in a hospital near the Yorkshire Dales town of Grassington. He stated that his favourite author was Guy de Maupassant and that Room at the Top was based on Bel Ami, but that “the critics didn’t pick it up”.
Man at the Top was a British ITV TV show that aired for 23 episodes between 1970 and 1972. The series depicted the same character Joe Lampton, the protagonist of John Braine’s novel Room at the Top and of two subsequent films, Room at the Top and Life at the Top. In 1973 a spin-off film from the series, Man at the Top, was released.
Room at the Top lobby card
Look Back in Anger Lobby Card from 1959.
Mary Ure and Richard Burton in a still from Look Back in Anger.
The Faber edition of John Osborne’s play from 1958.
Richard Burton playing the trumpet from a scene from “Look Back in Anger”.
Tiger Bay poster from 1959.
Saturday Night and Sunday Morning, 1960.
Saturday Night and Sunday Morning Pan Paperback.
Albert Finney, Shirley Anne Field and Alan Sillitoe at the premiere for Saturday Night and Sunday Morning, October 1960.
Taste of Honey poster 1961.
Shelagh Delaney’s A Taste of Honey West End Edition.
A Kind of Loving was released in 1962.
The Penguin edition of A Kind of Loving by Stan Barstow first published in 1960.
A Kind of Loving lobby card.
A Kind of Loving first edition.
The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner released in 1962.
Alan Sillitoe – The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner published in 1959 as a short story in a collection of the same name.
Billy Liar released in 1963
The Penguin edition of Billy Liar.
Tom Courtenay and Julie Christie from a Billy Liar promotional Lobby Card.
Billy Liar promotional still.
This Sporting Life was released in 1963 and directed by Lindsay Anderson.
This Sporting Life Cinema Promotion poster
This Sporting Life by David Storey – US edition
This Sporting Life by David Storey was first published in 1960 and won the Macmillan Fiction Award.
This Sporting Life – Penguin edition
Richard Harris from This Sporting Life, March 1963. (AP)
The L-Shaped Room was released in 1963 and directed by Bryan Forbes.
Lobby card for the L-Shaped Room.
French actress Leslie Caron, Best Actress Award for “The L-Shaped Room” and English actor Tom Courtenay, most promising newcomer for his role in “The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner” at the British Film Academy Awards Dinner at London’s Hilton Hotel. May 1963.
The L-Shaped Room by Lynne Reid Banks was first published in 1960.