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Scared America: 8 Crises and Collective Panics of the 1970s

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Crazy magazine (June 1975)

Crazy magazine (June 1975)

Every decade has its share of fears – whether it’s the Red Scare or Global Warming, no decade is exempt from having a healthy supply of things to get worried about.  In this regard, the decade of the 1970s far exceeded its quota.  Here are 8 crises and massive anxieties that swept through the decade.  I am sure you can name many more – and please do! (I’ve included images from humor magazines of the times to perhaps soften the mood.)

 

  1. The Oil Crisis

Inside back cover to MAD magazine (Sept '75)

Inside back cover to MAD magazine (Sept ’75)

America (and a handful of other nations) had helped Israel in the Yom Kippur War and now the Arabs were, naturally, pissed.  So, they banded together via OPEC and hiked oil prices, delivering an economic bitch slap to the U.S.  Almost overnight, oil prices QUADRUPLED…. Yes, you read that right.

Add to this problem, there became a shortage – with 20% of gas stations completely sold out in 1974.  This scarcity led to government enforced rationing – for instance, you could only fuel-up on certain days according to your license plate number.   The rationing actually led to incidents of violence and fair degree of panic among the population.  Truckers, who obviously rely on fuel to earn a living, were none too pleased.  Strikes ensued.

As you’d expect, the days of the gas guzzling car were over.  Economy cars suddenly found their way into American driveways.  Plus, the speed limit was reduced to 55 mph (the dreaded “double nickel” to truckers, who were once again burned by the oil crisis).

And just as people were starting to become acclimated to the situation, 1979 brought another wave of panic.  Everyone remembers the “evil” Ayatollah Khomeini, the Iranian madman responsible for decreases in oil production.  The result: gas lines that could take hours, and massive panic over soaring prices.  This time, Americans were more skeptical, with a widespread belief that gas crisis was a hoax created by the oil companies.  To say that tensions were high would be a severe understatement.

Insanely long gas lines, oil rationing, reduced speed limits, car size reductions, and an override sense of worry that one day gasoline will either be completely unaffordable or completely unavailable – all of this adds up to a massive change in, not only American car culture, but an overall life change for most Americans.

 

  1. Nuclear Annihilation

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When you think of the Atomic Scare, you think of 1950s and 1960s  – kids crouched under their school desks in nuclear attack drills.  Yet, the Cold War was still in full effect in the 70s (and 80s for that matter).   You could even argue, due to increases in nuclear capabilities, things were poised for mutually assured destruction more than ever before.

 

  1. Racial Upheaval

The 1960s had brought its share of progress; unfortunately, it didn’t come easily.  Lives were lost and rioting was commonplace.  By the time the 1970s rolled around, tensions were still thick.  Can your mind even comprehend seeing on your television news a troupe black men bearing fully automatic weaponry declaring war on the white man?  That’s exactly what occurred.  Today, we’d probably initiate drone attacks.  But in the 70s, it just blended in with the cornucopia of unrest.

 

  1. Political Implosion

MadMagazine-142-001

Baby Boomers look upon the Kennedy years as Camelot because it was a time when the American population still retained some trust in their political leaders.  Vietnam (which actually had its beginnings during JFK’s tenure) began to shatter any remnants of trust.  Watergate and the Pentagon Papers then shat upon its tattered remains.

Little did we know Nixon actually was purposefully sabotaging peace talks in Paris between North and South Vietnam for political leverage.  Tricky Dick did a lot more than just wiretapping – just ask a Cambodian.

 

  1. Fiscal Crisis

Crazy magazine (Jan '76)

Crazy magazine (Jan ’76)

The Boomers got the benefit of a massive spike in the 1980s, getting some serious returns on investments.  The “Me Generation” was rolling in dough under Reagan, Bush and Clinton, quickly jettisoning their hippie anti-materialistic mantra in favor of stacks of cash.  However, it was a different story in the 70s (and early 80s) – can you even imagine having a interest rate on your house exceed 13%?

For the first time, America couldn’t pay its bills and Dick Nixon followed Europe’s lead and eliminated the gold standard.  Naturally, inflation skyrocketed.  Post-WWII America had prospered at an unheard of level, and we enjoyed all the good things that came with it – low unemployment, low debt, and a quality of life that was the envy of nations.  Fast forward to the 1970s and that economic Utopia had all but washed away.

Of course, this was inextricably tied to the aforementioned oil crisis.  The stock market crash of 1973-4 was a byproduct as was the 9% unemployment.  It wasn’t as bad as the Great Depression, and the 2008 Recession was probably worse as well.  However, after riding high after WWII, the fall seemed rather steep.  Boomers who grew up in the Land of Plenty suddenly found themselves in much harsher economic climate.

 

  1. Hijacking

MadMagazine-130-034

From a segment titled “The MAD Plan for Halting the Hijacking of Planes” (Oct ’69)

The “Friendly Skies” weren’t so friendly in the 1970s.  In fact, there was zero airport security until 1972 (they just checked your bags – nothing like today’s mania). To give you an idea of the increase: Between years 1958 and 1967 there was 48 hijackings. Between years 1968 and 1977 there was 414 hijackings.  At one point, 4 planes were hijacked at once!  Indeed, when you got on a plane in the 70s, chances were you’d either end up in Cuba or a hostage for the next week or so – best not to set any concrete plans.

 

  1. Vietnam

MadMagazine-140-025

From a segment titled “That’ll Be The Day” MAD magazine (Jan ’71)

What can be said about the conflict in South Asia?  It not only cost thousands of lives, it utterly destroyed the patriotism that had been so deliberately instilled in previous decades.  The trauma of seeing the daily carnage on the nightly news coupled with the horrific fear that you, your friends, your loved ones, your neighbors, etc. could be next, made for a psychologically scarring period in American history.  The rapidly growing resentment over being there in the first place made things even more explosive.  By mid-decade we were out of there, but the damage had been done.

 

  1. The Crime Wave

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Crazy magazine (June ’75)

We’ve covered the crime increase in detail on Flashbak before, so we’ll keep the description to a minimum.   Suffice it to say, however you crunch the numbers, crime in the 1970s was appalling compared to previous decades.   For instance, there were 17,190 forcible rapes in 1960, and the number jumps to 37,990 in 1970.   Of course, there were other factors at work: a population increase (specifically ballooning at the age range where most rapes occur) and more reporting of sexual assaults.

So, the extent of the crime increase can be debated – whether there was one isn’t even up for discussion.  Suddenly, life seemed a whole lot less safe.  An extreme example of the surge was the rise in serial killers:  There were 19 serial killers in the entire decade of the 1960s… and then, 119 in the 1970s.

Suffice it to say, the world was a very different place than just a few short years prior.

 

MAD magazine (April '71)

MAD magazine (April ’71)

  • “Can your mind really comprehend…?”

    Dude, seriously? I love this site, but sometimes…

    http://topconservativenews.com/2014/08/new-black-panther-party-holds-armed-march-and-rally-in-texas/

    https://www.google.com/search?q=new+black+panther&ie=utf-8&oe=utf-8#q=new+black+panther&tbm=nws

    And in what alternate universe would a black president order a drone strike on other black Americans?

    • BG

      Well, Obama might do it if they were black Republicans!😋

  • STEVE WEBB

    Nixon did what at the peace talk , i think your thinking of the Dem .

    • LBJ called it “treason”. It happened. Let’s just say it was a dark time.

      • STEVE WEBB

        Yea they said the same thing w/ Reagan and the hostages in Iran. If i remember right Carter called it treason.

      • STEVE WEBB

        Also nice scare quotes.

      • ronchris

        Treason was the drunk womanizing scumbag Ted Kennedy talking to the Soviets behind the U.S.’s back in the 1980s.

  • Archie Dux

    That final image is one of those Al Jaffee / Mad Magazine fold-ins. Fold the page so the “B” arrow on the bottom is right up against the “A” arrow and the picture collapses on itself to yield an image of an arrow pointing and a sign saying “Turn to the Extreme Right.”

  • ExiledOnMainStreet

    No mention at all of the mediocrity called Jimmy Carter, aka Mr. Peanut? As I recall, his besweatered presence in the Oval Office certainly contributed to making the ’70’s even crappier than they already were.

  • Smasmaster

    The gas shortages were the result of the price controls instituted by the Nixon Administration, and continued under Ford and Carter. None understood the power the free market, because it’s Econ 101 that price controls create shortages.

    Vietnam was a war initiated by false pretenses and badly bungled by the Johnson Administration. It was won by the Nixon Administration, but then thrown away by the Democrats who abandoned our treaty obligations in the Paris Peace Accord after Nixion resigned. Millions were killed by the communists in South Vietnam and Cambodia or fled on anything that would float.

    If I was a foreign leader, I would keep in mind that the U.S. is all to often faithless and not to be trusted. 🙁

  • rechill

    “…the ‘evil’ Ayatollah Khomeini” Really? Scare quotes? Idiot.