Sydney Illuminations (1908 -1925) – Australia Welcomes the United States Great White Fleet in a Blaze of Lights

The Australian National Maritime Museum has these terrific pictures of  ‘Sydney Illuminations’, when ships, buildings and the quay were lit up to hail visiting vessels.

USA Fleet illuminations in Sydney Harbour

USA Fleet illuminations in Sydney Harbour – 1908.

The Australian National Maritime Museum has these terrific pictures of  ‘Sydney Illuminations’, when ships, buildings and the quay were lit up to hail visiting vessels. The 1908 visit of the United States Great White Fleet was “Magnificent! Splendid! Beautiful!”, the battleships lined from bow to stern in “dazzling brilliance”.

For the International Fleet Review, new ships were illuminated on the night of 4 October 1913. The flagship HMAS Australia and light cruiser HMAS Sydney were covered by electric lights in a picture of “dazzling beauty’”. The Sydney Morning Herald was awestruck:

… every now and then the searchlights were thrown up to the sky, and it was with the clouds as with the smoke from the funnels of all the vessels in the harbour – they took on a strange beauty … And then, suddenly, all was blackness again, and the ships lay silent, grim and motionless in the Cove till 8 o’clock – and then, at a signal flashed from the flagship, the Australia and all of them burst into light, their lines, from hull to fore, and mainmast, picked out with countless electric lights. It was a veritable blaze of splendour.

 

HMAS AUSTRALIA I outlined with lights

HMAS AUSTRALIA I outlined with lights (1913)

You see the part in the aforementioned report that notes “all was blackness”? Historians of naval history will read those words and recall Lieutenant-Commander Thomas Woodrooffe (1899–1978), a British naval officer, broadcaster and writer who in his 1937 commentary of the Spithead Review for the BBC saw the fleet vanish. “At the present moment, the whole fleet is lit up,” he said. “When I say ‘lit up’, I mean lit up by fairy lamps.” The ships were not half as lit up as Woodrooffe, who was suspended by the BBC for his well-lubricated performance. For those of you unaware of Woodrooffe’s finest hour, I’ve included it below:

 

 

Transcript:

At the present moment, the whole fleet is lit up. When I say ‘lit up’, I mean lit up by fairy lamps.

We’ve forgotten the whole Royal Review … we’ve forgotten the Royal Review … the whole thing is lit up by fairy lamps. It’s fantastic, it isn’t the fleet at all. It’s just … it’s fairyland, the whole fleet is in fairyland.

Now, if you’ll follow me through … if you don’t mind … the next few moments… you’ll find the fleet doing odd things (indistinct, but that’s my best guess). At the present moment, the New York, obviously, is lit out … and when I say the fleet is lit up … in lamps… I mean, she’s outlined. The whole ship’s outlined. In little lamps.

I’m sorry, I was telling some people to shut up talking.

Umm.. what I mean is this. The whole fleet is lit up. In fairy lamps, and … each ship is outlined.

Now, as far as I can see is about … I suppose I can see down about five or six miles … ships are all lit up.

They’re outlined, the whole lot. Even destroyers are outlined. In the old days, y’know, destroyers used to be outlined by a little kind of pyramid of lights. And nowadays … destroyers are lit up by … they outline themselves.

In a second or two, we’re going to fire rockets, um, we’re going to fire all sorts of things (indistinct). And.. you can’t possibly see them, but you’ll hear them going off, and you may hear my reaction when I see them go off. Because … erm … I’m going to try and tell you what they look like as they go off. But at the moment there’s a whole huge fleet here. The thing we saw this afternoon, this colossal fleet, lit up … by lights … and the whole fleet is in fairyland! It isn’t true, it isn’t here!

And as I say it …

It’s gone! It’s gone! There’s no fleet! It’s, eh, it’s disappeared! No magician who ever could have waved his wand could have waved it with more acumen than he has now at the present moment. The fleet’s gone. It’s disappeared.

I’m trying to give you, ladies and gentlemen, (indistinct) the fleet’s gone. It’s disappeared. I was talking to you … in the middle of this damn (cough), in the middle of this fleet … and what’s happened is the fleet’s gone, disappeared and gone. We had a hundred, two hundred warships around us a second ago, and now they’ve gone, at a signal by the Morse code, at a signal by the fleet flagship which I’m in now, they’ve gone, they’ve disappeared.

There’s nothing between us and heaven. There’s nothing at all.

 

United States Navy and Royal Australian Navy ships in Sydney

United States Navy and Royal Australian Navy ships in Sydney Harbour
Image of vessels at night dressed in lights on Sydney Harbour. On 23 July 1925, Sydney hosted eight of the US Navy Battle Fleet’s largest ships, including USS CALIFORNIA, USS COLORADO, USS TENNESSEE, USS MARYLAND, USS WEST VIRGINIA, USS NEW MEXICO, USS MISSISSIPPI and USS IDAHO. The fleet departed for New Zealand on 6 August.

Search lights and trees possibly during the United States Navy visit, 1925

Search lights and trees possibly during the United States Navy visit, 1925

The Great White Fleet:

In December 1907 United States President Theodore Roosevelt sent the US Atlantic Battle Fleet of 16 battleships, all painted white in peacetime colours, on a 14 month goodwill cruise around the world. The voyage came at a time of tense relations between Japan and America and gave the US an opportunity to demonstrate its blue-water naval capabilities as well as strengthen diplomatic ties. The fleet arrived in Australia on 20 August 1908.

 

USA Fleet visit, Circular Quay, Sydney

USA Fleet visit, Circular Quay, Sydney illuminated
This photographic hand coloured postcard was printed to commemorate the visit of the American Great White Fleet to Australia in 1908. It depicts a view of the American Fleet at night, anchored in Circular Quay and illuminated with bright lights.

USA Fleet illuminations in Sydney Harbour

USA Fleet illuminations in Sydney Harbour
This black and white photographic postcard depicts a night time view of two ships from the United States Great White Fleet and Fort Denison, illuminated in Sydney Harbour. The lights have been hand coloured – 1908

'To the kinship of the Mayflower', Customs House, Sydney

‘To the kinship of the Mayflower’, Customs House, Sydney
This coloured photographic postcard depicts Sydney Customs House illuminated with bright lights (1908)

Sydney Town Hall Illuminations during the USA Fleet visit

Sydney Town Hall Illuminations during the USA Fleet visit
In December 1907 United States President Theodore Roosevelt sent the US Atlantic Battle Fleet of 16 battleships, all painted white in peacetime colours, on a 14 month goodwill cruise around the world. The voyage came at a time of tense relations between Japan and America and gave the US an opportunity to demonstrate its blue-water naval capabilities as well as strengthen diplomatic ties. The fleet arrived in Australia on 20 August 1908.

Sydney railway station illuminations USA Fleet visit

Sydney railway station illuminations USA Fleet visit (1908)

Searchlight practice, USA Fleet In December 1907

Searchlight practice, USA Fleet (1908)

NSW greets USA - Sydney illuminations

NSW greets USA – Sydney illuminations
This hand coloured photograph commemorates the visit of the United States Great White Fleet to Australia in 1908. It depicts a night-time view of a building in Sydney with the illuminated sign ‘NSW greets USA’. The postcard has been captioned ‘Illuminations Sydney, USA Fleet visit’. Hundreds of postcards were produced as souvenirs of the visit and were purchased by both American sailors and Australian spectators.

HMAS Sydney illuminated at night

HMAS Sydney illuminated at night during the week after the entry of the first Royal Australian Navy Fleet into Sydney Harbour October 4 1913

Via: The Australian National Maritime Museum