These portrait photographs of Russia’s ruling Romanovs were taken in 1903 at the Winter Palace in majestic. St. Petersburg. Knowing what was to follow, the venue was apposite. St Petersburg is the city Christopher Hitchens called “an apparent temple of civilization: the polished window between Russia and Europe… the scene of near-continuous murder, massacre, assassination, terror, famine, and war. There isn’t a boulevard or square that hasn’t been the witness to events that harrow up the soul and freeze the blood.”
In 1918, Bolshevik officials executed the ex-Emperor and his family.
Czar Nicholas II and his 390 guests partied for 2 days. Day one (February 11) saw dancing, music and food. With the guests loosened up and rested, day 2 (Feb 15th) featured a masked ball. There was a surfeit of sexual excess, debauchery and entitlement for a family whose absolutist rule was hailed by the country’s grateful serfs – they dubbed the Czar ‘Little Father’ – and supported by a complicit church which declared Romanov blood sacred.
Outside the mood was dark. The Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovitch dubbed the event “the last spectacular ball in the history of the empire… a new and hostile Russia glared though the large windows of the palace… while we danced, the workers were striking and the clouds in the Far East were hanging dangerously low.” The old autocracy would soon be washed away, replaced by a new order rushing to reestablish Russia as a world power and today’s modern hankering for imperial nostalgia.
“In Russia the government is autocracy tempered by strangulation,” quipped the French woman of letters Madame de Staël. It was a dangerous job. Six of the last twelve tsars were murdered—two by throttling, one by dagger, one by dynamite, two by bullet. In the final catastrophe in 1918, eighteen Romanovs were killed. Rarely was a chalice so rich and so poisonous.”
― Simon Sebag Montefiore, The Romanovs: 1613-1918
Lead Image: The last emperor of Russia Nicolas II dressed in the golden brocade of 17th-century Russian tsar Alexey Mikhailovich. The Empress Alexandra Fedorovna appears in the raiments of the first wife of Alexey Mikhailovich, Empress Maria Ilinichna – a brocade dress decorated with silver satin and pearls topped by a diamond and emerald-studded crown. Empress Alexandra Fedorovna wore a huge emerald. All the jewellery was chosen by court jeweller Carl Faberge.
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