How Vinyl Records And Music Tapes Are Made (1954)

how records are made (1954)

“An engineer splices a tape during the selection and compilation of tapes for the finished product.”

 

The engineer above is using an AMPEX 300. AMPEX stood for Alexander M. Poniatoff Excellence, in honor of the company’s founder and his aims.

AMPEX was a huge name in recording equipment. Mr Poniatoff’s AMPEX Quadruplex VR-1000 was the first commercially produced video tape recorder. When German Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann was tried in Jerusalem, Israel, in 1961, the courtroom exchanges were recorded on an AMPEX Quadruplex VR-1000, with videotape flown to the US for broadcast each day.

 

"Inspector wearing protective gloves checks record before placing in jacket."

“Inspector wearing protective gloves checks record before placing in jacket.”

 

And then there were the records.

There is something wonderful about watching recorded music being turned into objects of desire, to own, cherish, lend and share. Will we one day dust off our ‘cloud’ software and play the tunes stored virtually in beeps and burps? Will copyright lawyers let us? Perhaps. But it seems unlikely. You can stumble on an old record, touch it, feel the contours, enjoy the art and the intrisic label, and slide it from the protective sleeve. Its look and form appeals to our curiosity. It’s delicate and cool in your hands. That others have touched it in the making and moving from factory to record store and home adds to a record’s quality. These records are human-sized slices of culture.

And this is how vinyl records was made in 1954.

 

"Pressman removes finished record from press and trims excess from outer edge while record is still warm."

 

"Photograph of record immediately after molding."

“Photograph of record immediately after molding.”

 

"Photograph of record immediately after molding."

“Photograph of record immediately after molding.”

 

"An engraver receives the inspected copper mother and removes any mechanical blemishes. From this 'mother' disc are made the stampers that are used to produce the finished records."

“An engraver receives the inspected copper mother and removes any mechanical blemishes. From this ‘mother’ disc are made the stampers that are used to produce the finished records.”

 

"From the copper master, a 'mother' or sopper positive is produced using similar plating processes; they are again stripped from each other, and then 'mother' (a positive) is played and checked for defects."

“From the copper master, a ‘mother’ or sopper positive is produced using similar plating processes; they are again stripped from each other, and then ‘mother’ (a positive) is played and checked for defects.”

 

"The positive master goes through several processes in plating and then a negative copper master is stripped from the original lacquer disc."

“The positive master goes through several processes in plating and then a negative copper master is stripped from the original lacquer disc.”

 

"Metalizing the original master disc by silver spray."

“Metalizing the original master disc by silver spray.”

 

"The silvered master (a positive) is mounted in rubber rings as a preliminary to placement in electroplating tanks."

“The silvered master (a positive) is mounted in rubber rings as a preliminary to placement in electroplating tanks.”

 

opying from the original master tape to the disc master."

Copying from the original master tape to the disc master.”

wbtvhist tells us: “It is the model 501 lathe with gearbox. At Columbia, 45’s were cut on this type lathe all through August 1966.”

 

"A member of the artists and repertoire department works with an engineer at the final editing for sound quality and album sequence."

“A member of the artists and repertoire department works with an engineer at the final editing for sound quality and album sequence.”

 

"Albums are randomly pulled from the production line for quality spot checking."

“Albums are randomly pulled from the production line for quality spot checking.”

 

Via: Al Q