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Soft-Core Hard-Boiled Pulp: The X-rated Illustrations Banned In 1950s New York

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 Detective examing books during pornographic raid.

Detective examing books during pornographic raid on Times Square, New York City – 1960

 

In the 1950s, vistors to New York City’s Times Square were targetted with a cavalcade of smut. Before the law clamped down on publications deemed obscene, artists toiled to create erotic illustrations for the mucky books on sale.

 

European Brothels

European Brothels

 

Jim Lindeman writes of his collection of “soft-core hard-boiled” pulp fiction:

By law, they were forbidden from showing “rough” sex, gay sex, cross-dressing; in fact, they didn’t show anything below the waist. This pulp fiction was sexual smoke and mirrors.

That didn’t stop a bookseller called Edward Mishkin being arrested in Times Square in 1959, though, and the books he had published being confiscated for obscenity. The New York state charged him with 198 counts of possession with the intent to sell items deemed “masochistic and disgusting”. He was later sentenced to three years in prison…

Another renowned S&M illustrator was Joe Shuster, who co-created Superman with Jerry Siegel in the 1930s. After pitching the character for years, the pair eventually allowed him to appear in Action Comics – then sold the rights for $130. After the Man of Steel became popular, they sued National Allied Publications for appropriate compensation, settling on a less-than-generous $94,000. It wasn’t long before Shuster was reduced to working as a delivery boy, then drawing sadomasochistic illustrations for $50 per page. He drew the most extreme “women in peril” cartoons for a series called Nights of Horror. Mishkin picked up the entire print run. They were banned, too.

 

The Holdout

The Holdout

 

The images are compiled in the book Times Square Smut:

Eugene Bilbrew, an African-American artist drew many of the covers. He would overdose on 42nd Street… Along with Mishkin, there were two other smut producers in New York. Leonard Burtman, fetish publisher and Irving Klaw, who photographed Bettie Page.

 

Frustration

Frustration

 

A little on the laws:

The Kefauver subcommittee investigating the effects of obscenity on juvenile delinquency subpoenaed Mishkin in 1955, as they did Irving Klaw, a publisher whose fetish photos included thousands of those of the era’s super model, Bettie Page. Both men’s photo sets and booklet-sized illustrated stories, with their themes of flagellation, bondage, transvestitism, and passive men forced into women’s clothing, were alleged to “get into the hands of small limited minds, and they . . . [get] worked up to a fever pitch, and some poor soul is the victim. Do You get what I am saying?” The words are those of those of the judge sentencing Mishkin for smuggling in those copies of in Thrashed In Many Ways.

Carey Estes Kefauver  (July 26, 1903 – August 10, 1963) was an American politician from Tennessee.

A member of the Democratic Party, he served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1939 to 1949 and in the Senate from 1949 to his death in 1963. After leading a much-publicized investigation into organized crime in the early 1950s, he twice sought his party’s nomination for President of the United States. In 1956, he was selected by the Democratic National Convention to be the running mate of presidential nominee Adlai Stevenson.

 

Eugene Bilbrew, probably self-portrait of the artist (c. 1962), for Leonard Burtman Publications (click to enlarge)

Eugene Bilbrew, probably self-portrait of the artist (c. 1962), for Leonard Burtman Publications (click to enlarge)

 

Jahsonic looks at the aforementioned Irving Klaw:

Photographer Irving Klaw ran a mail-order business selling photographs and film of attractive women in bondage from the 1940s to the 1960s. He was one of the first fetish photographers, and his model Bettie Page became the first famous bondage model.

He was born in Brooklyn, New York, USA on November 9, 1911.

His family business, Movie Star News, started as a magazine store. Due to customer demand, he and his sister Paula started selling bondage and fetish photos using burlesque dancers like Baby Lake, Tempest Storm, and Blaze Starr as models. Very few of Klaw’s photographs featured any nudity.

Klaw also published and distributed illustrated adventure/bondage serials by fetish artists Eric Stanton, Gene Bilbrew, Adolfo Ruiz and others.

In the 1950s, Irving Klaw became known as the “King of Pin-Up”. He made several films, the most well known being Varietease (1954) and Teaserama (1955), both of which feature Bettie Page (and were released on DVD in the USA in 2000).

The “Kefauver Hearings” of the Subcommittee to Investigate Juvenile Delinquency in the United States marked the beginning of the end of Irving Klaw’s mail-order photography business.

In 1955, Irving Klaw became subjected to a senate investigation witch hunt. The investigation attacked comic books citing the fact that many juvenile delinquents had read them. It also tried to link pornography with juvenile delinquency. Robert Kennedy, as Attorney General, joined in on the attack.

 

Pres. candidate Estes Kefauver.

Pres. candidate Estes Kefauver.

 

This is taster of those Hearings (May 24, 26, 31; June 9 and 18, 1955):

Mr. Chumbris. “Mr. Chairman, our investigation reveals that Mr. Klaw is one of the largest distributors of obscene, lewd, and fetish  photographs throughout the country by mail. We expect to show that he has had difficulties with the Post Office  Department. We have had testimony today, as well as last week from Dr. Karpman, and Dr. Henry today, showing the effect that these photographs have on juveniles and on youth.

“We have had testimony today from Mr. Roth, and other testimony, which indicates that this material does get into the hands of youth, and our subcommittee has received complaints from many parents to the effect that advertisements of these particular photographs, as well  as the photographs themselves, have gotten to the youth.”

Chairman Kefauver. “Do you expect to ask Mr. Klaw and do you have as to the material that he is sending out, information that they are getting to the children and to the young people; is that part of the showing?

Mr. Chumbris. “That is right. That is part of the overall investigation that not only Mr. Klaw but others are producing the type of  fetish photographs’ and lewd photographs that not only in some instances have used youth as models, but they do get into the hands of the youth.We do believe that that has a direct bearing on our juvenile delinquency investigation.”

Chairman Kefauver. “Part of this record will also include the testimony of Dr. Henry, Mr. Grimm, and of the exhibits which have been put into the record, including Cartoon and Model Parade, published by Irving Klaw, the Pin-Up King, for artists, photography students, and collectors. Mr. Chumbris, do you expect to prove that our subcommittee has complaints and correspondence from parents or children, law-enforcement officers, showing that Mr. Klaw’s publication has anything to do of a deleterious nature affecting juvenile delinquency with young
people?”

Mr. Chumbris. “Yes, Mr. Chairman. The Post Office Department has turned over to us advertisements similar to the advertisements that we introduced into the record this morning that Mr. Eoth has sent out. These advetisements have gotten to the youth.”

 

Explosive by Justin Kent

Explosive by Justin Kent

 

The decline of censorship:

In the mid-1960s, as censorship eased and smut publishers were given free license, the spicy drawings of Gene Bilbrew were in less demand. Prurient illustrations could now be actual photographs, and the need for visionary artists to flame erotic desire slipped away

 

Slave Mistress

Slave Mistress

Swish! Bottom! by Ted E Roth, illustrated by Eugene Bilbrew

Swish! Bottom! by Ted E Roth, illustrated by Eugene Bilbrew

She’ol by Shawle Leigh

She’ol by Shawle Leigh

Raw Dames by Justin Kent

Raw Dames by Justin Kent

Temptation

Temptation

Eyewitness by Justin Kent

Eyewitness by Justin Kent

Satin Satellite by George Loft

Satin Satellite by George Loft

Queen Bee by Justin Kent

Queen Bee by Justin Kent